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Agriculture and Soil Analysis

Agriculture and Soils

Crops and Soils Research for Soil Nutrients Analysis

For decades, scientists have used high-resolution reflectance spectra of minerals and soils to determine soil mineralogy, and to assess soil physical properties. A major breakthrough in these studies has been the use of visible-near infrared spectroscopy to develop quantitative calibrations for rapid characterization of soil nutrients and physical properties. The coupling of this technology with remote sensing data, georeferenced ground surveys, and new spatial statistical methods has resulted in the improved capability for large area soil assessments. Rapid spectroscopic soil analysis breaks the bottleneck of sample collection and lab testing, and permits the assessment of soil quality on a large number of representative samples covering expansive geographic areas.

Expansive spectral libraries continue to be developed for the interpretation and application of spectra to soils analysis. The spectral library approach allows calibrations based on small numbers of selected samples to be applied to the rapid analysis of thousands of samples. These studies overlap into many practical applications, including hazardous waste and environmental applications, agriculture, hydrology, and soil fertility assessment.

crop rowsOther related applications include the analysis of plant tissue to assess such things as water and nutrient status. These applications are based on both canopy- and leaf-level measurements of reflectance. Employing the same quantitative methods used to develop soil nutrient calibrations, researchers have developed calibrations for a wide range of plant biochemicals, including chlorophyll, xanthophylls (and other pigments), lignin, cellulose, and total nitrogen. In addition to analysis of photosynthetic biomass, these methods have also been applied to rapid analysis of seed nutrient properties for crops such as corn, wheat, rice, soybeans, and canola.

Crop photosynthetic modeling is another application. These studies require the measurement of photosynthetic radiation above, below, and within a crop canopy. By measuring spectral irradiance, rather than just a single integrated reading, researchers can better study the interplay of the various secondary pigments.

The ability to accurately perform reflectance and radiometric measurements of vegetation and soil in the field is critical to all of these applications. The ASD FieldSpec® line of spectroradiometers offers a wide range of configuration options for both contact measurements (such as leaves or in a soil profile pit) and stand-off measurements (such as those needed to measure canopy reflectance). The FieldSpec uses a flexible fiber optic cable with several different accessories, giving researchers many options for acquiring critical data. Bringing a level of device portability that only ASD can provide, the FieldSpec also helps you work in some of the most remote regions of the planet.

Scientists around the world use ASD instruments in their soils and crops research. Examples of some of their work are available below.

Prediction of soil content using near-infrared spectroscopy

Sensing Soil Quality in Lab and Field

Clay Mineral Analysis of the USGS Cannon Park Core (CHN-800) Using Near Infrared Reflectance Spectra, Charleston, South Carolina

Soil Science and Biogeography, Department of Geography, University of Zürich

Spectroradiometer Analysis of Clays from the Petrified Forest Member of Triassic Chinle Formation, Southwestern Utah

Image Analysis Sediments and Paleoenvironments

Southern Africa Validation of EOS (SAVE) Status Report Period of Report: 6 June 2000 — 28 Sept. 2001

NASA JPL AVIRIS Science and Applications Workshop (jointly written with Alex Held)

Global Products of Vegetation Leaf Area and Fraction Absorbed PAR From Year One of MODIS Data

Sucrose Transporter StSUT4 from Potato Affects Flowering, Tuberization, and Shade Avoidance Response

Protocol for the screening of the Uniform Mu maize population with near infrared reflectance spectroscopy

Detection of Carbon Stock Change in Agricultural Soils Using Spectroscopic Techniques

Trace Chemical Detection Through Vegetation Sentinels and Fluorescence Spectroscopy

Assessing the Performance of HYPERION in Relation to Eucalypt Biochemistry

Documentation of Ruokolahti Campaign— Finland, June 2000

Detection and Site-Specific Control of Weeds Through Remote Sensing

Dana, Gayle L., Cathy M. Tate, and Sharon L. Dewey. 1994. McMurdo LTER: Using narrow band spectroradiometry to assess algal and moss communities in a dry valley stream. Antarctic Journal of the United States–Review 1994. pp. 232-234

Sondankylä, Finland, the SIFLEX (Solar Induced Fluorescence Experiment) Campaign

The study on the comparison of ADEOS-II GLI NDVI and other sensors NDVI by using field experiment data

Hyperspectral Vegetation Indices for Determining Agricultural Crop Characteristics

Hyperspectral Field Spectrometry for Estimating Greenbug (Homoptera: Aphididae) Damage in Wheat

Geological and Geobotanical Studies of Long Valley Caldera, CA, USA Utilizing New 5m Hyperspectral Imagery

Indiviual Spectral Reflectance Curves of the overstory species in LBL, Kentucky

Wyoming Assessment Project and Remote Sensing of Leafy Spurge

Spectral Separability among Six Southern Tree Species

Computational Modeling Support to the Remote Sensing Technologies Center

The Dais La Peyne Experiment: Using the Optical and Thermal Dais Bands to Survey and Model the Surface Temperature

Spectral Acquisitions for Evaluation and Validation of EO -1 for Sustainable Development

Image Analysis Sediments and Paleoenvironments

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